Promoting State Islamic University Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta as a Human Rights Friendly Campus

"We will not enjoy development without security, we will not enjoy security without development, and we will not enjoy either without respect for human rights" (Kofi Anan, UN Secretary_General).

This quote was delivered by the Chairman of the Human Rights Commission, Dr. Muh. Imdadun Rahmat, M.Si in a seminar on Human Rights in the Central Administrative Office Building of State Islamic University Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta, on Thursday (30/03/2017). In this event was also held a MoU signing between the university and the Indonesian Human Rights Commission as their commitment to become a pioneer in realizing human rights friendly campus. In addition to the Chairman of the National Commission for Human Rights, this seminar also presented an international human rights woman activist, Dr. Siti Ruhaini Dzuhayatin M.A, as the Commissioner of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) and a lecturer at the Faculty of Sharia and Law State Islamic University Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta.

Imdadun Rahmat elaborated that in "Mainstreaming human rights-based development through the human rights friendly city", the State is the bearer of responsibility (duty holders) while individuals and community groups are holders of rights (rights holders). Development strategy focused on extracting the root of the problem, so the interventions will be more comprehensive and integrated. Human Rights Cities is a response to local challenges with the demographic bonus in Indonesia. Human Rights Cities purpose is to work together to improve the quality of life for all residents in the spirit of partnership based on the standards and norms of human rights. Currently, the Human Rights Commission has brought 15 regents and mayors in Indonesia to jointly realize the human rights-friendly city. Further Imdadun said that now the construction is not only meant as provide basic needs only, but the current construction is to guarantee people to enjoy human rights.

"As stated by Kofi Annan that we could not enjoy development without peace and security and we could not enjoy peace and security without human rights. Development often misguided and counterproductive to human rights, this is what should we align together that development is essential to promote human welfare and freedom. Development undertaken must not oppress Human Rights ", said Imdadun.

Siti Ruhaini Dzuhayatin submitted related materials on "Independent Permanent Human Rights Commission (IPHRC), Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC): The Contributions and Benefits for Indonesia", among the issues that are always discussed are Human Rights in Palestine and the territory of the Arab as Jordan, Lebanon, etc. Siti Ruhaini also said that women's rights and children's rights, such as the rights of women, female circumcision, child marriage, human rights and the OIC member countries other than members of the OIC. She also emphasized on rights to development and human rights education. Some of the crucial issues that are being fought for is freedom of belief, expression, and sexual orientation. Further, Siti Ruhaini describes Indonesia as a good example of excessive focus against homophobia and neglect internal human rights as it involved in the OIC countries.

"Clashes of fundamentalists usually became human rights issues, such as the terms of the clash between western and eastern fundamentalist caused a wide range of human rights issues. This is further aggravated by the populist movements that try to hegemony certain groups, thus causing a conflict of interests that lead to human rights violations. This has now become our problem and we have to mutually help each other to overcome the problems of human rights in Indonesia and the world, "added Siti Ruhaini. (siti hidayah-ch/humas)